Castiglione della Pescaia
Castiglione della Pescaia is an ancient village overlooking the sea, located between Punta Ala and Marina di Grosseto. The oldest part is a romantic corner over the Tirreno. The village has also a touristic sea-port from where leaves nice daily excursions to the Arcipelago Toscano. Castiglione della Pescaia has ancient origins, the first traces of population in this area date back to about 60,000 years ago, while the first urban settlement fits in Vetulonia, that is an ancient village that Etruscans founded near the lake “Prile” (now disappears). Romans founded the village of Salebrone, well-known for its mild weather, its lake rich of fishes and its woods rich in wildfowl. After the decline of the Roman Empire and the Barbarian raids, Castiglione della Pescaia has been given to “Pisa” by the King Ottone I of Saxony, Emperor of Germany. Pisa used its wealth, and it doesn’t bother the silt up the harbor and the waters of the Lake “Prile” which became stagnant, and cause malarial illnesses.
Vetulonia is an ancient Etruscan village which gave to the Romans the emblems of fasces and axe.
Vetulonia joins its maximum glory in the centuries between the VII and the VI b.C., it still retains many memories of its ancient power. After the Etruscans Golden-age, Vetulonia declined, and in the year 1181 they built the “Colonna” Castle, a fortified establishment, in order to defend the population. The Colonna Castle had impressive city walls which today still remain a few traces. Close to the village is located the famous Etruscan Necropolis. Nowadays there is lots of interesting tombs to visit, most significant are the “TOMBA DEL DIAVOLINO” and “TOMBA DELLA PETRERA”, you can see them both driving by the road direction “Buriano”. In the village you can visit an archaeological museum, newly opened, with finds of great value. You can also admire a suggestive hilly countryside landscape.
The regional Natural Park of Maremma, also called “Parco dell’Uccellina” was founded in 1975, despite its small size (almost 10.000 ha) and its young age, in a short time it has become a reference point for an increasing number of people. In 1993 it was awarded “European Park” released by the European Council. Visiting the “Parco dell’Uccellina” is a pleasant and educative experience, but join just one itinerary could be not so fulfilling. We suggest to organize more than a short visit, remember that it is not a zoo, animals (deer, birds, pheasants, wild-boar…) live in freedom, and they are not at our disposition. It is possible visiting the Park just on foot, there are two streets that give the access to Excursions: Alberese and Talamone. The entrance Alberese is open every day. For any kind of information about timetables and visits we suggest you to contact the Park Information Office. The Park is a few km far from one of the most beautiful beaches of the Maremma coast, and only 2.5 km from the village of Alberese which is furnished with all kind of services. Typical Restaurant, and Osterie are located around the Park so that you can taste several typical Tuscan dishes.
Monte Argentario is a promontory, which plunges in the “Tirreno” sea in front of the two most southern Islands of the Tuscan archipelago: Isle of Giglio and Isle of Giannutri. Argentario was born as an island, but during the centuries the combined action of sea-currents with the Albegna river has created two “Tomboli” ( sand-dunes): the Giannella Tombolo and the Feniglia Tombolo, which have joined the island to the mainland and so it created the “Lagoon of Orbetello”. The top of the Monte Argentario is “Punta Telegrafo” (635 mt), the promontory is characteristic of a complete mountains territory which has been rounded off, during the years, by the man’s work, so that they created special terraces where vineyards are cultivated. The coast is very scraggly, and offers several stony inlets of remarkable naturalistic beauty. In this environment, the two seafaring villages raise, and together represent the council of Monte Argentario. Porto Santo Stefano on the east side, the municipal building seats, and Porto Ercole, smallest than the other one, on the south.
Terme di Saturnia
Capalbio, is the last council located in the south part of Tuscany. It’s surrounded by impressive fifteenth-century walls. The access to the village is thru an ancient seines style door. In the area it’s easy to find Restaurants which serve typical meal made with wild-boar and wildfowl. Besides its beautiful beach, characteristic from a dark color and favorite destination by an Elite tourism, just 20 km far away there are the beautiful Silver Coast’s wild beaches. The nearest promontory “Monte Argentario” offers a breath-taking spectacles with wonderful cliffs.
Siena lays on three hills between sources of river Arbia and river Elsa. It is an industrial and agriculture center, rich in great masterpieces and ancient buildings, but not less importance, it is also home of the most important Italian folk events: The Palio. On the Etruscan settlement (which traces are preserved in the Archeological Museum) was founded a military roman colony during the kingdom of the Emperor Augusto: Saena Iulia, which in the following centuries will develop thanks to its favorable position (the city was situated on the Cassia, one of the most important streets in conjunction with Rome, la francigena). Thriving city from the X century, it became the city of merchants, bankers, Popes, and Saints. With the plague of 1348 he began the slow decline of the town, until the fall of the Republic and its assignment (thru the peace of Cateau Cambrésis) to Florence, after it was involved in the events of the “Granducato di Toscana” until the unification of Italy.